The Ghana Health Service (GHS) has confirmed new cases of Yellow Fever (YF) in the Brong Ahafo and Volta region of Ghana.
In a press release made available to Ghanahealthnest.com, the Ghana Health Service said, it has received reports of confirmed Yellow Fever (YF) cases from the Brong-Ahafo and Volta regions over the past four weeks with no deaths have been reported.
Three (3) are from Jaman South district in the Brong-Ahafo region & one (1) from Central Tongu district in the Volta Region.
The GHS has however assured the general public not to panic as the cases are confined to a few communities in the aforementioned districts, and previous widespread vaccination in 2011 in those districts provided most people with immunity against yellow fever. (the yellow fever vaccine is protective for life)
It further added that it has in response meted out the following measures to contain the situation;
1. Public education on signs, symptoms and prevention.
2. Yellow Fever vaccination coverage in the affected districts has been assessed & found to be high in those districts. Preventive vaccination coverage was done in the affected communities in 2011 & Yellow fever vaccination protects one for life.
3. Planned selective reactive mop up vaccination in the affected communities / sub-districts.
4. Alert sent to all regions and nearby districts of the affected areas.
5. Surveillance has been enhanced across the country.
The risk of further transmission, the GHS said, is low due to high Yellow fever vaccination coverage and previous preventive vaccination campaign by the GHS. It however, urged the general public to sustain Enhanced surveillance, Intensive public education of the disease, Preventive measures and what to do if one suspects Yellow Fever.
Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The “yellow” in the name refers to the jaundice that affects some patients. It causes bleeding which may come out from any of the body openings (e.g.: the Nose, Mouth, Bloody stools, Vomiting Blood at the end stage). The symptoms may also include fever with jaundice in the early stages and with multiple organ dysfunctions resulting in kidney and liver failure.
Spread is through the bite of infected Aedes mosquito.
Yellow fever is prevented by;
It is treated as symptoms appear. Good supportive treatment in hospitals improves survival rates.
Meanwhile the WHO has confirmed the outbreak of Yellow fever cases also in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda.Click this WHO Yellow fever sitrep_2Jun2016_eng for the situation report as at June 2, 2016.
Kobby Blay is the chief health editor at Ghanahealthnest.com. A professional practicing nurse with specialty in mental health and focus for health communications, public health, medical/documentary photography, ICT and systems perspective for health improvement.